Passive vs. Active Solvent Recovery: What’s the Difference?

Passive vs. Active Solvent Recovery: What’s the Difference?

There are two primary methods for solvent recovery: passive and active. They have similar approaches to recovery, but the core differences between passive and active solvent recovery can make a significant difference in the process. Here, we discuss these differences and why choosing the correct method is essential.

The Differences

Both recovery processes obtain butane via extraction, but the method of butane retrieval is different for each recovery process. Passive recovery uses a combination of cooling and heating to condense and evaporate the butane extract and detach it from the medium. In comparison, active recovery requires the use of gas compressors, which can assist in transferring the gaseous solvents.

Pros of Passive Solvent Recovery

The pros of passive recovery include low startup costs and user-friendliness. Compared to the active recovery process, passive recovery is an excellent option for beginner operators who have tight budgets and are still learning. Using passive recovery is a good way to get your business running, and the process requires less maintenance over time.

Cons of Passive Solvent Recovery

A con to consider with passive recovery methods is the manual labor they require. The transportation of supplies—specifically dry ice—can be strenuous. Furthermore, temperature and pressure are the driving forces of the machine; these two parameters need close monitoring.

Pros of Active Solvent Recovery

All things considered, there are also pros to the active solvent recovery process. One is efficiency, and the other is how scalable the method is. This recovery process is more efficient in recovering the butane, one of the most significant differences between passive and active solvent recovery. It can recover large amounts with ease compared to passive recovery.

Additionally, this efficiency enables a scalable operation to take place. For those looking to grow their operations in the future, investing in active solvent recovery pumps can benefit their businesses long term.

Cons of Active Solvent Recovery

Compared to the low initial costs of a passive system, an active system requires more funds initially. Depending on your operation’s budget and goals, this is something considerable to think about. Active recovery systems may also require increased repairs, but periodic maintenance can improve the reliability and life span of the equipment.

To learn more about solvent recovery and the best system for your operation, reach out to Beaker & Wrench today. We offer certified GMP (Good Manufacturing Practices) through all our equipment and services.

Common Tuning Mistakes With PID Temp Controller

Various control systems rely on the PID controller to properly measure and confirm set points. Getting this process wrong by inaccurate tuning measures can weigh significantly on the outcomes. Using good tuning software regularly can help you avoid some of these common tuning mistakes with PID temp controllers. Let’s look at some of the most common mistakes to help you avoid them in your lab.

Using the Default PID Block Settings

The pre-existing settings on the PID block are most suitable for a base point but shouldn’t remain the settings in operation. It’s critical to run various tuning tests and adjust the settings accordingly. In an initial PID stimulation of a new plant, the typical settings range based on scale and process type.

Using the Wrong Units for Tuning

The engineering units are another factor of the pre-existing settings that can throw off-putting reads. These units are not the best for the algorithm. A gain setting is dimensionless as it is divided by 100 percent of the proportional band. Using integral mode provides seconds and minutes, which is simpler to convert.

Tuning Level Controllers

The majority of poorly processed plants and slack in distillation performance are traceable to an inadequate level of controller tuning. A standard solution is choosing an arrest time to allow for maximum absorption rates or to transfer the maximum level of variability. This process also prevents a violation window of PID gains by confirming the arrest time and correlating it to the reset time and the PID gain.

Violating the Window of Allowable Controller Gains

In addition to tuning level controllers being inadequate, another common tuning mistake with PID temp controllers is violating the value of permissible gains. Most concentrates and temperature systems on well-controlled vessels are vulnerable to a gain that will violate the limits. This can cause slow-rolling oscillations. Identifying an open-loop process gain can reduce the testing time and decrease the load’s overall vulnerability.

Using the Incorrect Control Action

Nothing else will matter if you don’t get the control action accurate. But the most significant challenge is realizing this factor. Ensure the operator selects “increase to close” on the analog output or PID block. This will enable the control action to be opposite to the process action.

To learn more about Beaker & Wrench and our selection of PID controllers for sale, connect with us today! We offer quality equipment for your lab’s needs and can help in the tuning process to help you avoid these common mistakes.

Understanding How the Decarboxylation Process Works

Understanding How the Decarboxylation Process Works

Decarboxylation refers to the critical process of activating the psychoactive compounds in cannabis and hemp. For smokeable plant matter, the process happens organically through heat. However, tinctures, salves, and consumables require a more delicate process much earlier in its creation. Let’s examine and better understand how the decarboxylation process works.

What Is Decarboxylation?

Decarboxylation is an activation process of the cannabinoids in cannabis and hemp through applied heat and targets the buds, leaves, or kief. “Decarbing,” or decarboxylation, is the process that creates a consumer’s euphoric experience with an activation of the components that deliver the unique attributes of the plant.

Decarbing primarily targets the inactive cannabinoid acids in a plant’s trichomes, and the plant’s flowers contain the targeted trichomes. Sometimes, trichomes are traceable in the plant’s smaller properties like stems and leaves, but these quantities are significantly smaller.

The molecular structure of the cannabinoid’s acids changes when it undergoes a heating process. Through decarboxylation, the acids lose a single carboxyl via carbon dioxide (-COOH) while simultaneously preserving a single hydrogen atom.

The acids in cannabinoids contain 22 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 4 oxygen atoms. The group lost in decarbing contains only 1 carbon atom and 2 of the 4 oxygen atoms, which we know as CO2. After removing this carboxyl group, the THCA reduces by 12 percent and converts the active THC compounds.

Because of the activation process, an interaction between cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system (ECS) occurs. ECS is a network of receptors within the body that includes the peripheral and central nervous systems. The body produces varying effects through differing cannabinoids, stretching from relaxation to total euphoria.

Why Decarboxylation Is Important

Decarboxylation is an essential process for producing tinctures, consumables, edibles, and other consumable cannabis goods because it activates the plant’s most critical components, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Compared to smoking the plant, the flame’s heat hits the flower decarbs it, which means a separate decarb is not necessary.

There are very few psychoactive benefits of freshly harvested cannabis flower until decarbing occurs. The decarboxylation process essentially flips the conversion switch on the acids, turning them into THC and CBD. The heating process transforms THCA, the inactive psychoactive compounds, into THC, producing intoxicating effects. Furthermore, it takes the inactive cannabidiol acid (CBDA) and converts them into CBD, which has milder effects than THC.

The heat conversion process is critical for passing through the blood barrier to reach the receptors. Specifically, THCA cannot bind with the CB1 receptor, which oversees the psychoactive influences. The consumption of decarboxylated cannabis has various effects on several bodily functions that play a part in the ECS, like sleep, pain, appetite, immune responses, mood shifts, and inflammation.

Patients looking to treat their symptoms with medicinal marijuana need to make sure they’re using cannabis that has gone through a decarboxylation process. A commercial manufacturer must ensure the decarb execution for consumption post-purchase. Without this process, consumers don’t have access to the varying choices of edibles and topical solutions like brownies, gummies, syringes, suppositories, capsules, and more.

The Decarb Process

The key to the entire process is decarbing at the right temperature for the most optimal amount of time to prevent combustion or degradation. Terpenes and cannabinoids have varying requirements for accurate decarbing.

An example of this is that THCA requires 220 degrees Fahrenheit for a range of 30 to 45 minutes before the decarboxylation process begins. The time for decarbing varies based on materials used and their requirements.

The ultimate situation is using as little heat as possible to achieve the most out of the plant’s therapeutic compounds. The plant’s terpenes are susceptible to evaporation with excess heat exposure. The entirety of the acidic compounds don’t always convert through decarbing, and sometimes, a minimal amount of raw matter goes unprocessed.

Should You Decarboxylate Your Cannabis?

Decarboxylation is critical for their varying desired outcomes from a consumer’s standpoint. But as the industry evolves and more cutting-edge research surfaces, the health benefits of THCA and CBDA emerge. These non-psychoactive compounds play significant roles with the unharvested plants themselves.

THCA protects the leaves from UV-B light radiation and stimulates the death of particular cells. These same functions can offer several health benefits, including:

  • Anti-inflammation
  • Bronchodilator
  • Metabolism stabilizer
  • Stress reduction

In contrast, when the plant is in its raw form, the non-decarboxylated CDBA can have its own health benefits, including:

  • Anti-anxiety
  • Pain management
  • Anti-convulsant
  • Anti-nausea

Proper Decarb Temperatures for Cannabis

Getting the right temperature is critical in the decarb process. Too little heat can take too long to fully decarb, while too much heat can lead to degradation. When processing raw cannabis matter, CBDA begins its decarb at approximately 245 degrees Fahrenheit, while THCA will start at 220 degrees. The process can take roughly 90 minutes to complete.

To retain the terpenes, process the temperatures lower for a more extended time period. The decarb chart suggests the optimal THC temperature ranges between 252 and 293 degrees Fahrenheit.

Post-Extraction Decarb

The decarboxylation process can destroy terpenes with low boiling rates, but it is sometimes necessary. To complete this process without losing terpenes, the processor must use a precise technique. These techniques are costly and often tricky, so many extractors avoid preserving terpenes.

Decarbing post-extraction has its own set of unique trials, including smaller yields and a more time-consuming extraction process. This process is achievable with delicately made precision ovens that house the necessary components to decarb without damaging or losing terpenes.

Is Decarb Necessary for Smokable Cannabis?

Because of how decarboxylation works, the short answer is no; you do not need to decarb smoking cannabis. The consumer will heat the flower, vape pen, or concentrate directly through the product, and this will initiate the decarb process that will convert the THCA and CBDA and convert them to THC and CBD.

Is Decarb Necessary for Edibles and Topicals?

When producing medicinal products on a large scale, the decarb process is essential. This process ensures each product contains the components THC and CBD that consumers are seeking for various purposes.

Based on the many ways to produce and market a cannabis product, a decarb cannabis machine from Beaker & Wrench is an instrumental piece of equipment that ensures return on investment. The cannabis industry is rapidly growing, and the best way to market your products is by utilizing a high-quality decarboxylation process.

Understanding How the Decarboxylation Process Works

Ways To Make the Decarboxylation Process More Efficient

Ways To Make the Decarboxylation Process More Efficient

The decarb process is essential in cannabis, providing users with its psychoactive effects. When performed at the proper temperatures for the correct amount of time, you can do various things with the final product. There are multiple ways to make the decarboxylation process more efficient for medicinal and recreational purposes. Let’s look at a few!

Temperature Control

The most ideal range of temperature to decarb is between 230 and 266 degrees Fahrenheit. Anything lower, and you risk an incomplete oxidation and conversion. If temperatures are too high, you leave room for denaturing any active compounds and can create a tranquilizing effect.

Invest in Equipment

One of the most efficient methods to decarb is through a decarboxylation reactor. This investment can ensure your process is straightforward from start to finish and allows the operators to set it and forget it. You can load the machinery through a series of valves, and the terpene removal occurs in one space under the vacuum compartment.

Calibrate the Oven

To gain more control of your conversion rates, you want the oven to maintain a consistent temperature. It’s worth noting that the temp can go up or down by about ten degrees, but hovering a consistent range is key in optimal conversion rates.

You can also utilize a secondary thermostat to ensure temperature accuracy. If the thermostats are off by a significant amount, you should consider recalibrating your oven to the correct range.

Freeze Trichomes

The hair-like projections on the buds and leaves are the trichomes. In this process, you can increase the number of extracted trichomes through exposure to freezing temperatures after decarb. It’s critical you’re careful when handling the frozen substance, as this makes it more fragile, and trichomes can come loose.

Freezing the trichomes is a way to make the decarboxylation process more efficient because it allows you to gain access to more compounds and increase the potency of your product.

To learn more about decarboxylation reactors and the process’s efficiency, reach out to Beaker & Wrench today! Our team specializes in quality insight to ensure your product meets high standards and good manufacturing practices.

Benefits of Turnkey Solutions in Cannabis Distillation Labs

Benefits of Turnkey Solutions in Cannabis Distillation Labs

Improving your cannabis lab’s process is essential in creating more growth and upkeeping with demands. As the industry continues to grow, finding and accessing engineering solutions tailored to your needs is one of the best business investments you can make. It’s essential you look at the benefits of turnkey solutions in cannabis distillation labs to fully understand how to streamline your process and increase your profits.

What Is a Turnkey Facility?

Turnkey implies something is ready for use, operation, or occupation immediately after purchase. A turnkey solution in cannabis extraction and distillation labs is an engineered product supplied to the consumer, fully assembled and ready for operations.

These systems offer cannabis and hemp extraction labs a high-quality solution specifically designed to uphold their end of the extraction requirements. Because the system is fully operational straight away, the process can begin upon arrival in a facility.

How Does It Apply to Extraction?

Due to increased demand in the industry and high-volume production rates, many businesses face the challenge of keeping up can linger. Each company and producer have their own set of objectives and requirements.

The benefits of turnkey solutions in cannabis distillation labs offer the unique advantage of assisting operators in meeting demands. Automating your process with a closed-loop turnkey solution can also reduce labor costs and decrease the number of operators while continuing to produce high volumes of output.

Primary Benefits of Turnkey

Installing and utilizing a turnkey distillation kit can bring a lot of success to your business. Some of these direct primary benefits include:

  • Customizable designs that are scalable to meet your business’s specific set of requirements.
  • It saves your business time and money long-term.
  • Should an issue arise, you’ll only communicate with one party.
  • High-quality results consistently with each process and piece of equipment.

Beaker & Wrench offers a fully operational turnkey solution with industry-leading technology. Contact us today to learn more about these benefits and how your business can thrive!

Why Temp Control in Cannabis Extraction and Distillation Matters

Why Temp Control in Cannabis Extraction and Distillation Matters

Due to an increase in cannabis legalization throughout the US, there’s been an increase in demand for processing equipment. Almost 50% of all hemp grown becomes a CBD extract on some level, whether for supplemental or pharmaceutical purposes. In order for the extraction and distillation processes to occur, the facility must adhere to a carefully designed set of temperature controls. Lack of specialized temperature control affects the final product’s quality, which is why temp control in cannabis extraction and distillation matters.

Temperature Control for Extraction

There are a variety of ways to extract crude oil from the plant. The majority of processors remove impurities such as waxes and lipids to create a final human-grade product. Processors use polar and nonpolar properties to dissolve compounds within the plant.

Each extraction method, including the following, requires precise temperature control:

  • Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction
  • Pressurized hydrocarbon extraction
  • Alcohol extraction
  • Lipid extraction

Temperature Control for Distillation

To prevent degradation, maintaining target temperatures is critical. Before distillation of the extract occurs, the oil remains in a crude state, as it contains 20 to 60 percent of the cannabinoids. The refinement method chosen will vary based on the extraction method used.

Temp control in cannabis extraction and distillation matters for precise processing from start to finish. Here are the distillation methods that require precise heating:

  • Winterization
  • Decarboxylation
  • Vacuum distillation
  • Crystallization

Additional Temp Control Applications

In addition to strict temperature control for extraction and distillation methods, various other processes require close monitoring of temperatures. Some critical phases, such as postharvest handling, storage, and chemical preparation, also have temperature-sensitive needs. Other phases include:

  • Flash-freezing
  • Storage and transport of hemp in a frozen or dried state
  • Ethanol storage

If you’re operating a facility that needs a PID temp controller, reach out to Beaker & Wrench today. The importance of temperature in any stage of cannabis processing requires adequate measurements and monitoring, and we’re here to help.

An Overview of Large-Scale Cannabis Oil Distillation

An Overview of Large-Scale Cannabis Oil Distillation

The cannabis plant is inconsistent by nature, and certain strains have higher potency and different tastes and smells. That’s why there’s such a wide variety of cannabis strains on the market. However, consistency is key to retaining a certain level of quality and standards.

To produce a consistent cannabis product, the raw product undergoes a process called distillation. It involves isolating the THC and CBD cannabinoids and infusing them into your products. To distill cannabis, you need to use oil.

If you’re new to the distillation process, you’re in the right place. Here’s an overview of large-scale cannabis oil distillation.

What Is Distillation?

First, let’s start with a definition of distillation. It’s a process used to isolate and purify components within a liquid or oil. You’ve probably heard of distillation related to alcoholic beverages, and the process is the same for cannabis—only that it distills an oil instead of alcohol.

To distill cannabis oil, you need to heat it until it becomes vapor, and then cool it back to a liquid state again. The idea is to separate specific components in the oil using differing boiling points.

Distillation for Cannabis Oil

If you want to start distilling oil, you’ll need a cannabis distillation system. The most common type is a short path distillation system, and it’s the most popular because the equipment takes up less space. The vapor travels a short distance before getting recondensed, hence the fast path.

Crude oil gets deposited into the bottom of a flask. To kick off the distillation process, you need to heat the oil. While it’s convenient in that it doesn’t take up much space, a short path system requires a lot of supervision.

Another distillation system is wiped film distillation. It’s a lot like a short path system, but with one key difference: there’s a wiper blade that sprays the product onto the chamber walls, producing a thin layer. That reduces the amount of time that you need to apply heat. That’s beneficial to obtaining a high-quality final product, as overheating a cannabis product can degrade its quality.

Once the extraction takes place, the hard part is over. The goal then becomes making additional passes to further refine the oil. The oil is then purified of contaminants or any other undesirable components.

Key Takeaways

After reviewing the overview of large-scale cannabis oil distillation, you should better understand what goes into cannabis distillation. Distillation is the process of heating and cooling oil until it contains pure THC or CBD. If you’re interested in getting into the cannabis business, you need to be familiar with the distillation process.

The Complete Guide To Starting a Cannabis Extraction Lab

The Complete Guide To Starting a Cannabis Extraction Lab

Cannabis extraction and processes are blooming at unprecedented rates. Some contributing factors to this rapid growth fall heavily on the extraction of concentrates and the many health advantages offered to consumers. More and more people seek alternative methods of overall health and wellness and often turn to extracted concentrates to find comfort.

Mood disorders, sleep disorders, and chronic illnesses affect millions, and finding comfort through things like tinctures, topicals, and edibles is becoming more common. With the industry moving at light speed and more people seeking the benefits, starting a lab and catering to the market may be right for you. Here is a complete guide to starting a cannabis extraction lab to help you plant the seeds for future endeavors.

Considerations

Regardless of intentions when considering your own lab, this is an investment of a lifetime that will blossom with the right components. There are various factors to consider before you open a shop, and many of these must abide by local, state, and federal guidelines. For proper due diligence, you must consider the following:

  • What are the consumers in your local market buying the most?
  • Take the time to understand your ideal target audience.
  • Thoroughly review all restrictions and guidelines.
  • You will need to source your materials and supply agreements.
  • Invest in quality systems to produce quality products.
  • Build connections with your local government.
  • Acquire all necessary permits.

Thinking about running an operation is one thing but putting in the work to operate a fully-licensed business is another. To receive the most return on your investment, take the time to commit to the groundwork and build the foundation with these successful first action steps.

Research Your Market

The first step to success is a thorough, well-manicured action plan. Many startups fail to thrive due to a complete absence of planning and adequate research or knowledge of a business model. You and your business partners must consider several things like who your market is, an ideal location, the extraction laws for your site, and the licensing process.

It would help if you also researched the accessibility to necessary supplies and how these supplies will contribute to your process. If supply becomes an issue, the entire operation will stagnate or fall behind. Also, consider your niche and your desired business outcome.

If you’re looking to produce quality tinctures, this is essential to understand when beginning to build supply. The same goes for edibles, topicals, inhalants, or any product you wish to produce. Once your business plan is thoroughly mapped out, you can begin to take the necessary steps in the licensing process.

Prepare All Licensing Applications

Declaring your location for operation possessing a clear business plan means you can begin the licensing process with your local municipality. You will apply for the license first, which is subject to an approval process, thus making market research and planning ahead critical. Though it may sound like a nightmare, it is relatively simple to go through the licensing process.

Consider holding multiple copies of your business plan, as the city will request one before following through on an application. A good rule of thumb is to overprepare. By doing so, you show your municipality and city officials your level of seriousness and commitment to your plan. Each municipality will request varying levels of paperwork and research, and because of this, it’s better to obtain as much information as possible before proceeding.

A municipality could seek a few things from you: engineering documentation, personal references, and codes or standards in your facility. Some startups consider employing a legal representative because of their connection in the community and overall knowledge of local laws. It’s essential to note that legal aid is unnecessary for this process.

Real Estate and Construction

Another area people fail in the extraction industry is purchasing their real estate before understanding regulations and local zoning requirements. A facility must adhere to all zoning specifications, and the local municipality must provide consent to the facility. It’s paramount you make a real estate purchase contingent on the licensing process.

It’s advisable to seek architects and engineers to help facilitate the construction of your space as they are knowledgeable in codes, standards, and compliance. A common many make in extraction startups is not adhering to the guidelines.

Another thing to consider is the modular aspect of your operation. Some choose to invest in labs and grow rooms that are relocatable due to their flexibility in design and mobility. Should you find yourself needing a relocation, you can avoid a reconstruction or demolition situation. If this entices you, partner with modular construction specialists and ensure you continue to follow all municipality standards when considering a move.

Ordering Lab Equipment

You cannot run a successful business without quality equipment. This investment is the operation’s entirety, and you must get this aspect correct. When researching your market and product goals, always consider the equipment demands and explore the best avenues to obtain the necessary machinery.

Beaker & Wrench offers high-end GMP equipment for all extraction operations and upholds all standards and guidelines in operational demands. We offer several core components to an extraction business from decarboxylation reactors, wiped film evaporators, digital PID temperature controllers, solvent recovery pumps, and vacuums.

Proper Inspections

Upon obtaining the best equipment for your ideal production needs, the municipality can inspect the facility and ensure all equipment abides by the guidelines. A relatively common demand of the municipality is having a qualified field engineer sign off on verification of all installed equipment.

Various municipal inspectors must also visit the facility and carry out inspections. The final step is having an Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) examine the engineer’s verification and ensure all equipment meets compliance standards, safety, and local regulations. The AHJ is the final approver of the lab setup and facility.

Ready for Extractions

Once you make your way through the verification and inspection phases, you’re ready for extraction. It’s best to test your equipment and train your staff before producing for-profit results.

Ensure they follow all safety guidelines when working in the lab and make sure you possess the necessary experience to operate machinery. A costly mistake is usually an inexperienced operator, which can have long-term damage to the business.

Following this complete guide to starting a cannabis extraction lab can ensure you meet all actionable steps and adhere to a well-thought-out business strategy. For information regarding equipment installation, good manufacturing practices, and delivery arrangements, reach out to us today!

The Complete Guide To Starting a Cannabis Extraction Lab

Tips for Maximizing Your Cannabis Distillation Methods

Tips for Maximizing Your Cannabis Distillation Methods

Extracting and refining cannabis are two critical processes that separate the component molecules. The process of distillation is particularly complex, with a combination of vacuums, proper heat temperatures, and component boiling points. Here are a few tips to maximize your cannabis distillation methods that you can use within the proper protocols.

Utilize Refined and Clean Material

By limiting the number of harmful substances that interact with the distillation process, you can increase product quality and preserve your equipment. Some fatty acids have boiling points that can polymerize, diminishing the product’s purity and increasing equipment maintenance.

Sometimes, isomerization occurs from clarifying agents. To prevent this from happening, refine the extracts before distillation. The refinement process includes scrubbing filtration, winterization, and clarification.

Decarboxylate and Degas

Before the distillation process begins, you can increase your output by decarboxylating and degassing the cannabis extract. The decarb and degas techniques use heat and agitation to convert acidic forms into neutrals and remove any volatiles. The use of both processes assists the vacuum in reducing its load and increasing the number of distilled cannabinoids.

Use a Vacuum System

Cannabinoids have a tendency to degrade before reaching a boiling point, so removing the atmospheric pressures through a vacuum encourages them to boil at reduced temperatures. The vacuum boiling points range between 155 and 160 degrees Celsius. Having a well-designed vacuum system is critical to meet the required heat level to vaporize the cannabinoids and reduce the probability of degradation.

Opt for Short Contact With Heated Surfaces

Utilizing a system that delivers heat in thin layers of oil minimizes the overall heat exposure. Too much heat will degrade and isomerize cannabinoids, but a wiped film system can mitigate the damage—the contact with the heat takes place in seconds rather than hours with one of these systems. Look at our wiped film evaporator for saleto learn more about this process.

If you’re ready to maximize your cannabis distillation methods, reach out to Beaker & Wrench today! We offer superior equipment for all cannabis processes to ensure you’re producing quality products.

What Is the Ideal Cannabis Decarboxylation Temperature?

What Is the Ideal Cannabis Decarboxylation Temperature?

A key process in the consumption and preparation of cannabis is decarboxylation. It’s the only way to truly experience its psychoactive attributes. Though this process requires a heating procedure, it’s critical to get these temperatures accurate to avoid disintegration of the matter. We discuss the ideal cannabis decarboxylation temperatures and explain why it’s important!

Why Decarboxylation Is Important

Simply put, decarb is the magic behind the potency of your cannabis plants. It’s defined as the chemical reaction under the right temperatures and releases a carboxyl group, converting non-active compounds into active ones. This is the method to reach the psychoactive benefits.

When smoking the plant, the heat of the flame activates the compounds. But in things such as concentrates, edibles, and topicals, they go through a rigorous process in the lab that achieves these methods via cannabis decarboxylation equipment.

An Overview of the Temperature Demands

Decarbing requires two things to coexist: time and temperature. Finding the right balance is essential, and it’s important to note that this isn’t an exact science. With that in mind, you can destroy the terpenes at an improper temperature for the wrong amount of time.

Decarboxylation at high temperatures of 300 degrees Fahrenheit or more can cause degradation, which would evaporate the terpenes. The ideal cannabis decarboxylation temperature ranges from 200- to 300-degrees, but the “sweet spot” hovers between 230- and 250-degrees Fahrenheit.

Properly Time and Temps

The good news is utilizing proper lab equipment makes this process easy to perform. But you will need to have a basic understanding of the two properties that make the decarbing work. Here are some examples of times and temperatures in the decarboxylation process for oil, hash, kief, and flowers.

  • 212 °F, 2-4 hours for high CBD kief and hash
  • 245 °F, 30-40 minutes for high THC kief and hash
  • 250 °F, hot oil bath until the bubbles taper off
  • 300 °F, in an oven for 10-18 minutes for high-THC flower

To learn more about decarboxylation and equipment, reach out to Beaker & Wrench today! We certify good manufacturing processes and offer quality services and equipment.